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The Kosovan elections and Kurti’s reconfirmation

Kosovo

The Kosovan elections and Kurti’s reconfirmation

This little country, located in the Balkans, is home to almost 2 million people (more than 50% of the entire population is below 25 years old), in majority Kosovar Albanians, but with a large Serbian presence in different parts of the country: in North-Mitrovica, in the south and in the west.

Kosovo, is the youngest European country born after its proclamation of independence in 2008 from Serbia, this latter never recognised the independence.

As reported on BalkanInsight, after the resigning of the President Thaci in November 2020 when the Hague-based Kosovo Specialist Chambers indicted him for war crimes and crimes against humanity during the Kosovo’s 1998-99 war[1].

The elections held on the 14th of February saw triumph of Albin Kurti and his party: Vetëvendosje. Kurti reached 48% of preferences with an electoral participation of almost 47% of the entire population, the highest turnout since 2010 elections, following the Kosovian Democratic Party (PDK) of the former President Thaci that reached 17,3%, then the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK) of the former Prime Minister Avdullah Hoti with 13,1% and finally the Alliance for Future of Kosovo (AAK) by the former Premier Ramush Haradinaj with 7,4%.

Furthermore, it is important to consider women participation in Kosovan politics. First of all, the Kosovian President, Vjosa Osmani, 38 years old, lawyer and law professor, became the President ad Interim after the resigning of Tachi and she has been confirmed in the Parliament with 71 votes out of 120.

Osmani, is not the first woman to hold the office of President, the first was Atifete Jahjaga in 2011. The overall gender progress in Kosovo is relevant and women are winning greater political representation. In the Parliament, 43 women were elected representing the 35%, and in Kurti’s government, one third of his ministers are women.

Kurti’s victory was a foregone conclusion. In his message he declared: young people, women and diaspora are the real winners. Now, for the new executive, the challenges are multiple, both old and new ones. First of all, the pandemic and the distribution of vaccines, the fight against rampart corruption, the reduction of inequalities and the normalization of relationships with Serbia. For this latter Kurti clearly stated that: “no further compromises can or will be done”.

Kurti’s party received the double of the votes and these elections reflected the willing of Kosovians to seek an effective anti-corruption agenda, an economic reform agenda and progress.

Finally, the dream of Joining Albania? As stated above, the majority of the Kosovar population is ethnic Albanian. Prime Minister Kurti on Euronews said he would support a greater union with Albania and in a possible referendum he would vote: Yes! But, how would Belgrade react to this referedum? In any case, the priority of Kurti’s Government is strenghtening the state of Kosovo as a sovereign and independent republic and above all, find a solution on the greatest current problems of Kosovian society.

Sources:

Kosovo: Kurti vince le elezioni e seppellisce le élite di guerra https://www.ispionline.it/it/pubblicazione/kosovo-kurti-vince-le-elezioni-e-seppellisce-le-elite-di-guerra-29299

Kosovo Parliament Elects Albin Kurti as Prime Minister https://balkaninsight.com/2021/03/22/kosovo-parliament-elects-albin-kurti-as-prime-minister/

I would vote to unify Albania and Kosovo, election winner Albin Kurti tells Euronews https://www.euronews.com/2021/02/16/i-would-vote-to-unify-albania-and-kosovo-election-winner-albin-kurti-tells-euronews

Kosovo: Post- Election Analysis of February 2021 Parliamentary Elections https://www.ndi.org/publications/kosovo-post-election-analysis-february-2021-parliamentary-elections

Le elezioni parlamentari in Kosovo sono state vinte dal partito di sinistra Vetëvendosje, dell’ex primo ministro Albin Kurti https://www.ilpost.it/2021/02/15/elezioni-kosovo-albin-kurti/

Elezioni in Kosovo: netta vittoria di “Vetëvendosje”, partito ultranazionalista di Albin Kurti https://it.euronews.com/2021/02/14/elezioni-in-kosovo-netta-vittoria-di-autodeterminazione-partito-ultranazionalista-di-kurti

Kosovo, vince il fattore G: i giovani scelgono i nazionalisti di sinistra https://www.repubblica.it/esteri/2021/02/15/news/kosovo_vincono_i_nazionalisti_di_sinistra-287662739/

In a Land Dominated by Ex-Rebels, Kosovo Women Find Power at the Ballot Box https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/06/world/europe/kosovo-women-parliament.html


[1]Kosovo Parliament Elects Albin Kurti as Prime Minister in:  https://balkaninsight.com/2021/03/22/kosovo-parliament-elects-albin-kurti-as-prime-minister/

Gino Fontana, classe 1993, nato tra le montagne dell'Appennino reggiano e cresciuto a Carpineti, in uno dei più importanti territori matildici. Laureato magistrale ai tempi del coronavirus in Relazioni Internazionali ed Europee presso l'Università di Parma e nel 2015 ho conseguito la laurea triennale in Scienze Internazionali e Diplomatiche presso l'Università di Bologna, sede di Forlì. Innamorato dei viaggi, appassionato di storia contemporanea, sociologia e politica estera. Ho svolto alcune attività di volontariato in Etiopia con un'associazione umanitaria ed ho avuto la possibilità di approfondire i fenomeni migratori grazie al mio lavoro come operatore presso un centro di accoglienza straordinaria. Infine, mi occupo di un progetto di gemellaggio per il mio comune ricoprendo il ruolo di coordinatore.

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